Archive for the ‘17th Century’ Category

The Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead in Ireland has one of the best names of any historical organization that is consulted for Irish genealogical research. It was in existence from 1888-1934 and published a journal in each year.  The entry below comes from Volume II, covering the years 1892-1894.[1]

The history of the Protestant Church, as written in 1816, is outlined along with a list of rectors from the 17th – 19th centuries.

[1] Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead in Ireland. 1895. Journal of the Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead in Ireland. Volume II, 1892-1895. Dublin: Peter Roe.


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Kellymount, the townland which makes up one third of the village of Paulstown, is named after Joseph Keally/Kelly (1673-1713). Previous to this it was known as Ballimcloghlin[1], Baile Mhic Lachna in Irish[2]. The earliest instance of a name for the area comes from the Calendar of Deeds of the 1220s with Balimaclacth given.[3]

Joseph Keally, was a descendant of Maurice O’Kelly, who had fled from county Offaly after the massacre of Irish chieftains at Mullaghmast about 1578.[4] O’Kelly settled in the Gowran area and over the following decades the family name changed to Keally. Joseph Keally was born in 1673 to John Keally and Elizabeth Cuffe, daughter of Captain Joseph Cuffe of Castle Inch, Kilkenny.[5] Keally married Elizabeth Monke in 1707.[6]

[1] Like most Irish place names before standardization there are many spellings. This version comes from ‘Pender’s Census’ of 1659

[2] ‘Placenames Database of Ireland’, database, logainm.ie http://logainm.ie/Viewer.aspx?text=kellymount&streets=no : accessed 4 November 2011, entry for Kellymount

[3] Ibid.

[4] Lynch, Kathleen. 1938. Congreve’s Irish Friend Joseph Keally in Publications of the Modern Language Association of America (PMLA). Vol 53, No, 4, p. 1077

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid., p.1081

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After the Confederate rebellion in the 1640s vast tracks of lands were taken from the original landowners and given to adventurers and soldiers who had served under Oliver Cromwell. Published transcriptions from the Calendar of State Papers in relation to Ireland contain an interesting reference to what appears to be Henry Ireton, son-in-law of Oliver Cromwell, owning considerable amounts of land in Paulstown. [1]

Under the heading ‘Documents Relating to the Duke of York’s Claim in Ireland’, and dated 18 December 1667, a description is given of an address by the Commissioners of Settlement to the Lord Lieutenant (presumably of Ireland who was at the time was James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde) and Council. The address discusses how the Commissioners of Settlement were going about their business of settling new Protestant owners of the lands taken from their previous owners. It then outlines how they received a claim by a Doctor Robert Gorges, on behalf of the Duke of York (who at that time was James the II), that their work was unjust and illegal as the Duke was claiming many lands that were to be given to other people.

The following lands, amongst others in a number of counties, were claimed by Dr. Gorges on behalf of the Duke:

County – Kilkenny

Denominations and Acres – Shankill 1,702 acres, Jordanstown 224 acres, part of Garryduff 433 acres, part of Paulstown 355 acres

Former Owner – Henry Ireton

[1] Mahaffy, Robery Pentland (ed.). 1908. Calendar of the State Papers Relating to Ireland preserved in The Public Record 1666-1669. Office London: Mackie and Co.

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Paulstown is located where the road from Dublin diverges into two roads, one going to Waterford (the N9) and one going to Kilkenny (now called the R712, was the N10 before the opening of the M9 motorway). The original core of the village was formed at a crossroads that goes to Goresbridge, about 150 meters from where the road from Dublin diverges for Waterford. It is probably fair to say that buildings and then a village came about as a resting place, nodal point or trading post in the road network from centuries past.

Previous to having the name Paulstown (and it’s many various spellings), the area was known as Typerwoldric (again, various spellings are given). The name Typerwoldric probably comes from the Irish ‘Tobar Urlaic’ which translates as ‘the well of retching’ and was believed to be a cure for an upset stomach.[1][2] Paulstown gets its name from Paul Butler who was given a grant of the manor of lands of the area in 1325.

It has also been known as Whitehall for a period of time in the 19th and 20th centuries. At this point I have been unable to clearly identify when Whitehall began to be used and when, officially, it reverted back to the Paulstown name.

Circa 1220                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The earliest reference to the Paulstown area comes from a manuscript in the National Library of Ireland. It has the title “Grant by John de Claulla (Clahulle) to Richard Butelar of Typerwoldrich (now Paulstown, parish of Kilmacahil, Co. Kilkenny), (c. 1220?)”.[3]

1235                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Calendar of Ormonde Deeds outlines how a grant of land was given to Adam Walensis in 1235. One of the witnesses to this land grant is Milo de Typerwoldric.[4]

1305                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A third reference to this name comes from the early 14th century in another National Library of Ireland manuscript, Quit-claim by Gilbert le Forester to John le Botiller of Typeroldryk (now Paulstown), c. 1305.[5]

1325                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Paul Butler received the manor and lands of Tyberwikick.[6]

1550                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The first reference to a name that resembles Paulstown comes in the year 1550 in The Irish Fiants of the Tudor Sovereigns: during the Reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Philip & Mary, and Elizabeth I. [7] Entry 497 mentions “ the rectory of Kylmakayle, which extends to the towns of Kylmakayle……Wylter, Polston, Ballysherdare…..”

 1571                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The next earliest mention of Paulstown in The Fiants comes in entry 1926.[8] It reads: “Pardon to Edmund Butler, of Pauliston, co. Kilkenny, gent. Fine £3. -28 December, xiv”.  Entry 1927 reads: “Pardon to Peter or Piers Butler of Pauliston, co. Kilkenny, gent. Fine £3. -28 December, xiv”. There are a number of further entries up to 1603 with these spellings.

1574                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Poliston is mentioned in the Calendar of Deeds 1547-1584[9]

1605                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Polestown is also in the Calendar of Deeds 1547-1584[10]

1624                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pawlestowne is in the Inquisition XLIV of Walter Butler[11]

1650s                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The 1641 depositions mentions Paulstowne

1837                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Whitehall is mentioned for the first time in Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary of Ireland [12]

1842                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In his 1884 publication Bassett outlines that the name of Paulstown was changed to Whitehall in the year 1842. However, this was written over 45 years after Whitehall’s first mention in Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary of Ireland.[13]

[1] Dunleavy, John J. 2007. A Short History of Paulstown. John J. Dunleavy, p.6

[2] Translations of words taken from http://www.focal.ie

[3] Sources Database. National Library of Ireland. (http://sources.nli.ie/Record/MS_UR_016712/Details#tabnav : accessed 20 June 2011), entries for Paulstown, citing manuscript D. 66

[4] Curtis, Edmund. 1932. Calendar of Ormond Deeds Volume 1. Dublin: Stationary Office, p.40

[5] Sources Database. National Library of Ireland. ( http://sources.nli.ie/Record/MS_UR_016589 accessed 20 June 2011), entries for Paulstown, citing manuscript D. 470

[6] Flood, Mary. 2007. Introduction Paulstown A brief Overview in: Paulstown Education and Historical Society (eds.) Paulstown Schools Past and Present. Kilkenny: Grange Silvia Publications. p.14 quoting National Library of Ireland MS 1095

[7] De Búrca, Éamonn, ed. 1994. The Irish Fiants of the Tudor Sovereigns: during the Reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Philip & Mary, and Elizabeth I. Dublin: Éamonn De Búrca for Edmund Burke. p.140

[8] Ibid. volume 2 p.

[9] Curtis, Edmund and Fitz-Patrick Berry, Henry. 1941. Calendar of Ormond Deeds 1547-1584. Dublin: Stationary Office

[10] Ibid.

[11] Healy, William. 1893. History and Antiquities of Kilkenny city and county… Volume 1. Kilkenny: P.M. Egan. 1893. p.450

[12] Lewis, Samuel. 1837.  A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. London: S.Lewis. p.715

[13] Bassett, George Henry. 1884. Kilkenny City and County Guide and Directory. Dublin: Sealy, Byers and Co. 1884. p.317.

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During the 19th and 20th centuries the parish priest was a dominant personality and the enforcer of morality in the parishes, villages and towns of Ireland. The list below gives the names of all those who have served as the priest in the parish of Paulstown. The parish of Paulstown and Goresbridge was created circa 1822 with an entry in the Graiguenamanagh parish registers stating that “1822 – About this time Goresbridge was taken from this parish and with Paulstown, made a separate parish.[1] Today, according to the website of the diocese of Kildare and Leighlin, the parish is called Paulstown.[2]

The list of priests from Michael Brennan (1833-1851) to the current priest, Fr. Laurence Malone, is to be found in chapter fourteen of Paulstown Schools Past and Present.[3] To supplement this list, I have added examples from other sources where their names were also found. I have also found some examples of priests who served in Paulstown from before the time of Michael Brennan.

1618                        Sir Edmund Seix, listed as someone who says mass and sometime stays with Sir Richard Butler of Pawlestown[4]

1704                       Anthony Forstall, listed as PP of Graiguenamanagh and Paulstown[5]

1704                       William Walsh[6]

1731                       William Walshe,listed as PP of St. Kill and Kilmacahill[7]

1733                       William Walshe[8]

1741                       Dr. Walter Jacob[9]

1766-1783           Paul Cullen, listed as PP of Leighlin, Wells, Shankill and Kilmacahill.[10] He could have served as priest before 1766 as this year is the first time he is mentioned in documents as the priest of this area

1796                       William Cullen[11]

1824-1829            Daniel Nolan[12]

1830-1833            James Maher[13]

1833-1851            Michael Brennan[14]

1851-1870            Bernard Kinsella[15]

1870-1901            Patrick Joseph Mulhall[16][17][18]

1901-1934            Richard O’Brien[19] (See footnote)

1934-1948            Mark Walshe

1948-1950            James Breen

1950-1962            Cornelius Brennan

1962-1977            James Kavanagh[20]

1977-1978            Pierce Kavanagh

1978-1996            Sean O’Laoghaire

1996-2000            James O’Connell

2000-2004            Tom McDonnell

2004-2011            Laurence Malone

2011-Current        John McEvoy

[1] Comerford, Michael. 1886. Collections Relating to the Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin Vol 3. Dublin:J Duffy and Sons. p.336.

[2] Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin. 2011. Parishes. Available at: http://www.kandle.ie/parishes/paulstown/ : accessed 28 February 2011.

[3] Paulstown History and Education Society. 2007. Paulstown Schools Past and Present. Kilkenny: Grange Silvia Publications. p.101

[4] Comerford, Michael. 1886. p.335.

[5] Carraigan, Canon William . 1905. History and Antiquities of the Diocese of Ossory Vol 3. Dublin: Sealey, Bryers and Walker p.412

[6] Ibid. p.281. Walsh could have taken over from Forstall in this year or it could be a mistake on the part of Carrigan to list two different priests in the same year.

[7] Comerford, Michael. 1886. p.335

[8] Ibid.

[9] Ibid.

[10] Ibid. p.336

[11] His name is on a tablet in the current Roman Catholic Church as the serving priest when the church was built in 1796.

[12] Catholic Record Society of Ireland. 1984. Archivium Hibernicum. Unknown vol but between 39-44

[13] Boase, Fredrick. 1897. Modern English Biography. Truro: Netherton and Worth. p.1622.

[14] House of Commons. 1836. House of Commons Papers: Report from Commissioners, Poor Law Ireland Col XXXI.  p.72

[15] Kavanagh, James. 1865. Catholic Directory, Almanac and Registry for Ireland, England and Scotland. Dublin: John Mullany. p.189

[16] Keogh, Canon. 1872. The Irish Catholic Directory, Almanac and Registry. Dublin: John Mullany.

[17] Bassett, George Henry. 1884. Kilkenny City and County Guide and Directory. Dublin: Sealy, Bryers and Walker. p.318

[18] The National Archives of Ireland, 1901 Census of Ireland, County Kilkenny, DED Paulstown, Townland/Street Kellymount, Form A, Number on Form B 1 (stamped), house 1, Patrick Mulhall; digitial image, The National Archives http://census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1901/Kilkenny/Shankill/Kellymount/1449156/ : accessed 21 February 2011: original manuscript not cited.

[19] In the 1911 Census of Ireland Richard O’Brien is listed as a curate and living in Goresbridge. Peter Kavanagh is listed as a priest and living in Paulstown.

The National Archives of Ireland, 1901 Census of Ireland, County Kilkenny, DED Paulstown, Townland/Street Paulstown, Form A, Number on Form B 1 (stamped), house 12, Peter Kavanagh; digitial image, The National Archives  http://census.nationalarchives.ie/pages/1911/Kilkenny/Paulstown/Paulstown_Town__part_of_/567547/ : accessed 21 February 2011: original manuscript not cited.

[20] Duffy, J. 1968. The Irish Catholic Directory. p.164

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The first atlas of Ireland was Hiberniae Delineaho, published in 1685. It came about as a result of the ‘Down’ Survey which had been carried out in the thirty years previous to the publication of the atlas. The publisher of the atlas was Sir William Petty. A detailed map of every county in Ireland was published along with maps of the provinces and maps of Ireland. It is a truly masterful piece of cartography.

Below you can see Paulstown (right middleground) and the lands around it from the county of Kilkenny. The dashed line more than likely represents a road from Gowran to Paulstown which also goes on to Old Leighlin in Carlow. A small structure directly under the word Paulstown is probably Paulstown Castle. To the north west of Paulstown is a Church and another structure.

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1641 Depostions

Depositions relating to the 1641 rebellion in Ireland have been digitalized by Trinity College Ireland and placed online for free viewing. These depositions were taken by the Commission for the Despoiled Subject during the 1640s and by various commissioners during the 1650s.[1] The 1640s in Ireland were a time of rebellion, massacre and uprising by the native Irish Catholics against the English and Scottish Protestant land owners. Beginning in Ulster it spread to the rest of the county before ultimately ending with the arrival of the forces of Oliver Cromwell.

In the folio’s relating to Kilkenny, there were three depositions taken from people who lived in Gowran. They were Henry White, his daughter Ann Bradford and her husband Alexander Bradford. While all the names and events that they report do not match up, they seem to give depositions about the same series of events. A number of English people in the Gowran area are rounded up by Peirce Butler, Walter Butler of Paulstown and Morris Kelly of Gowran in 1642. They are kept in a prison at Gowran for a few weeks until they are moved, under the pretence of being brought to Duncannon in Wexford. However, near New Ross many of them are murdered, with some people escaping.

Paulstown is mentioned twice, with surrounding areas such as Gowran and Leighlin also mentioned. The text in bold is the actual writing from the deposition.

On 14 August 1652 the deposition of Henry White of Gowran was taken. Originally from Gloucestershire and aged 54, he was living “about Laughli{n} Gorian & the lowe grauge in the County of Kilkeny thirty years.”[2] In May 1642 he and about twenty seven other people were rounded up and brought to the prison in Gowran. After this “Captain Pierce Butler and Sir Walter Butler of Poulston in the County of Kilkeny baronet sent [them] away from Gouran one pretence of being to be Convayd to Doncanon.”[3] Henry White and his wife managed to escape with the help of Sir Edward Butler and “the Examinant heard that the sayd English were murthered between Ross and Duncanon & that not aboue foure of them Escaped of that whole number.[4]

On 17 August 1652 a deposition was taken from Ann Bradford of Gowran. She was born in Gowran, her father being Henry White, and was married to Alexander Bradford. She states that “Walter Butler of Poulstowne & Peirce Butler sonne to Sir Edward Butler came to Gowran & the places thereto adiacent & seised vpon & tooke all the English Inhabitants they could find, and gathering them together putt them into prison in Gowra{n}.[5] They were kept in the prison for about two weeks until they were brought towards New Ross where “Morris Kelly of Gowran aforesaid being Ensigne to Captain Pierce Butler comaunded the said Convoy.[6] Bradford states that about 30-40 people were taken prisoner and brought to near New Ross. She then outlines how all the people were murdered except her, her sister and some children, “after that ther came 7 or 8 persons out of the said towne of Rosse with swords & batts in ther hands & did driue them a mile below Ross to a woods side and ther they murdered all the English except this examinant her husbands sister & 4 small children.”[7]

[2] TCD, 1641 Depositions Project, online transcript January 1970
[http://1641.tcd.ie/deposition.php?depID<?php echo 812287r232?>] Accessed Saturday 23 October 2010

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] TCD, 1641 Depositions Project, online transcript January 1970
[http://1641.tcd.ie/deposition.php?depID<?php echo 812321r261?>] Accessed Saturday 23 October 2010

[6] Ibid.

[7] Ibid.

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