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Archive for the ‘Dictionaries and Surveys’ Category

This map comes from the publication A Statistical Account or Parochial Survey of Ireland, Drawn up from the Communication of the Clergy Vol 2 and was written by William Shawn Mason. It was printed by the Hibernia Press Office in Dublin in 1816. In this publication a series of parishes from around Ireland are surveyed in detail. One of the parishes selected is Kilmacahill with information supplied by the Rev. William Latta who was the vicar of the area.

What makes this publication stand out from other surveys and topographical dictionaries is the inclusion of a map for each parish. The map below is on pages 332 and 333 with the legend of the map, also below, on page 347. The village of Paulstown is where ‘K. Chapel of Paulstown’ is marked. The map comes from before the standardization of townlands by the Ordnance Survey in the 1830s and as a result some of the names and boundaries will be different to today’s townlands.

The map can be clicked to enlarge.

Townlands

1. Castlekelly    2. Woodville and Redbog   3.  Butlersgrove   4. Paulstown   5. Garryduff    6. Kilmacahill

7. Jordanstown  8. Ballinvally    9. Knockadeen    10. Kilure (part of Wells civil parish in Carlow)

Features

A. Mount Rothe, William Barton, Esq.     B. Mr. Robert Burroughs     C. Castle of Paulstown, Henry Flood, Esq.

D. Mr. Perse Healy    E. Mr. Thomas Butler    F. Mr. John Anderson, at present uninhabited    G. Farm Houses

H. John Flood Esq.    I. Rev. William Latta    K. Chapel at Paulstown

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Topographica Hibernica or the Topography of Ireland Ancient and Modern…..was written by William Wenman Seward and published in 1797. The book gives an account of many different area in Ireland including the townland of Kellymount.   The relevant section discusses the Kellymount Gang and a battle fought between the inhabitants of Carlow and Kilkenny over the boundary between the two counties. I am currently not aware of what battle the article refers to.

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I have come across a very interesting publication that forms an appendix to the Report of the Commissioners, that was part of the House of Commons Papers for the year 1836. It was published in London by Clowes and Sons. The publication contains answers to a series of questions on the “earnings of labourers, cottier tenants, employment of women and children” in different parts of Ireland. One of those areas covered is the Union of Paulstown. It gives a fascinating insight into the social and economic conditions which contributed to the harsh realities of life in the mid 1830s.

The answers for Kilmocahill are provided by Rev. James M. Stubbs and the answers for the Union of Paulstown are provided by Rev. Michael Brenan P.P. The first graphic shows the twelve questions that were asked. The answers are in the second and third graphics and read downwards. The twelve boxes correspond to the twelve questions.

Each graphic can be clicked to enlarge.

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Many publications in the 19th century give detailed descriptions of the baronies, parishes and townlands of Ireland. One of the most detailed is The Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland published in three volumes in 1846 by Fullarton and Co. Based on statistics from the lost censuses of 1831 and 1841, and providing excellent detail of a country on the cusp of The Famine, it is a truly excellent resource. Below is the description given to the civil parishes of Shankill from volume 3 and Kilmacahill from volume 2.

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I have created a listing of all the surnames/second names that I found in different genealogical resources that cover Paulstown. The geographical focus is the townlands of Paulstown, Kellymount, Shankill and Jordanstown, as these are the townlands I fell are closest to the village. The resources used are 1911 Census of Ireland, 1901 Census of Ireland, Bassett’s Kilkenny City and County Guide and Directory, Griffith’s Valuation and The Tithe Applotment Books.

In total there are 224 surname spelling variations. I have taken the spelling of the name as is from the source which leads to different spellings of the same name in different time periods, for example, Walsh/Walshe, Coady/Cody, Oneill/O Neill/O’Neill etc.. Be sure to check for all possible variations of the name you are looking for.

If you find that a name you have is not listed that does not mean your ancestors were not from Paulstown. This listing is only for the four townlands which I feel are closest to the village. People would have put Paulstown as their home town/village on various documents even if they lived a few miles from the actual village. Also, as with all the large listings I compile, mistakes are probably  inevitable.

Click the link to open the pdf file.

Surnames of Paulstown I

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The map section below comes from the publication Atlas and Cyclopedia of Ireland by P.W. Joyce and  A.M Sullivan and was published in 1900. The original map is for county Kilkenny, hence the lack of colour and place names to the right hand side, as this is county Carlow.  The publication is described as  “A Comprehensive Delineation of the Thirty-two Counties, with a Beautifully Colored Map of Each, arranged Alphabetically, showing over 11,000 Cities, Towns, Villages, and Places of Public Interest.”[1]

The map names well known antiquities of the area such as Shankill Castle and Paulstown Castle. The proximity of the railway line to the village can be seen along with the nearby Monefelim river, a tributary of the Barrow.


[1] Joyce, P. W., and A. M. Sullivan. Atlas and Cyclopedia of Ireland. New York: Murphy & McCarthy, 1900. Print.

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William Tighe (1766-1816) is associated with county Kilkenny through his ownership of the Woodstock Estate, near Inistioge, which he took over in the 1790s. Tighe travelled widely across Europe but also had time to carry out extensive renovations and improvements at Woodstock. In 1802 his book, Statistical Observations Relative to the County of Kilkenny Made in the Year 1800 and 1801 was published by Craisberry and Campbell. In this publication, Shankill and Kilmacahill civil parishes are mentioned.

Page 461 of the book shows the population of various civil parishes in the county of Kilkenny. It including those which make up the village of Paulstown, namely Shankill and Kilmacahill. In 1800 Shankill is listed as having 171 families and 1078 inhabitants with Kilmacahill having 124 families and 785 inhabitants. Statistics available for other civil parishes, such as the number of males and females are not given for Shankill and Kilmacahill.

Page 527 also describes how the titles of the parish of Kilmacahill are distributed. The collection of tithes eventually led to the Tithe Wars of the 1830s which were very prominent in county Kilkenny.

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One of the most well known early 19th century books which describes Ireland in detail is A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland by Samuel Lewis. Lewis had previously published a topographical dictionary of England and Wales before completing his work on Ireland. Lewis commented on how his work in Ireland was made considerably harder than his work in England and Wales, noting that “the extreme paucity of such works, in relation to Ireland, imposed the necessity of greater assiduity in the personal survey, and proportionately increased the expense.”[1]

Lewis provides an account of all the civil parishes in Ireland.  He notes the number of inhabitants, principal features and those who make up the local nobility.  You can read the entries for the civil parishes of Shankill and Kilmacahill below.

Clicking on the page brings you to Google Books where you can increase the page size for easier reading.


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This land survey is a record of all landowners who had at least one acre at the time.[1] It was commissioned by the Lord Lieutenant in 1872.[2] The survey was conducted before the wholesale transfer of land to the majority Catholic renters which was brought on by Land League agitation and various Land Acts.

The listing below is for those who gave their address in the Paulstown area. All, or some, of the land that they owned might not be in the immediate Paulstown area. The two biggest owners of land are James K. Alyward of Shankill Castle and William Flood of Paulstown Castle.

Two of the Flood family have an address given as ‘Viewmount, Gowran’, however some of Viewmount would be in the townland of Paulstown. Butler’s Grove, home of Pierse Healy is a neighbouring townland of Paulstown.


[1] Local Government Board. Return of Owners of Land of One Acre and Upwards, In the Several Counties, Counties of Cities and Counties of Towns in Ireland. 1876. Print.

[2] Ibid. p. iii

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The first road map of Ireland was published in 1778, as surveyed by George Taylor and Andrew Skinner in 1777.[1] They had previously surveyed the roads of Scotland before raising 2000 pounds from the noblemen of Ireland to survey the roads.[2] Page 118 shows a section of the Dublin to Cork road from just north of Old Leighlin and Leighlinbridge in Carlow to Clara in county Kilkenny. This section of road passes through Paulstown. The village, and surrounding areas, can be seen on the right panel. About half way along the road is the county boundary between Carlow and Kilkenny (“Enter Kilkenny Co.”). Just above this is the relevant area, listing Shankill and Kellymount, with the roads forming an almost square shape. The Paulstown name is located slightly to the left and above these names, indicating the area where Paulstown Castle is located. The two prominent land owners of the area, Flood and Aldward (sic) are also listed.

The image can be clicked to enlarge.


[1] Taylor, George, and Andrew Skinner. Taylor and Skinner’s Maps of the Roads of Ireland, Surveyed 1777. [London]: Published for the Authors … Sold by G. Nicol … I. Murray … London and by W. Wilson … Dublin, 1778. Print.

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