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Archive for the ‘20th Century’ Category

In 1909 Meagher also questioned Birrell in relation to the Flood Estate.[1] He asked the Chief Secretary for Ireland, “if he can say if negotiations for the purchase of the Flood estate, Paulstown, county Kilkenny, have been yet completed; if the Estates Commissioners have acquired, or have taken steps to acquire, the untenanted land on this estate; and, if not, having regard to the large number of uneconomic holdings which; exists on this and neighbouring estates, he will recommend that the Estates Commissioners will take steps to acquire this land, which comprises about 200 acres, with a 613W view to its distribution amongst persons who are entitled under section 2 of the Land Act of 1903 to portions thereof?”

Birrell replied: “This estate is not pending for sale before the Estates Commissioners. If the owner institutes proceedings the property will be dealt with by the Commissioners in its order of priority.”

View House of Commons Debates I & II here and here.


[1] Millbank Systems, compilers. Hansard 1803-2005. House of Commons Debate 1 April 1909 vol 3 cc612-3W http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1909/apr/01/flood-estate-paulstown-county-kilkenny#S5CV0003P0_19090401_CWA_37 : accessed 9 December 2011.

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Michael Meagher represented the constituency of North Kilkenny from 1906-1918. On 6 February 1908 he put a question to Augustine Birrell, who was Chief Secretary of Ireland at the time. Meager enquired as to why police were sent to a grass letting at Viewmount on the previous January.

He questioned, “I beg to ask the Chief Secretary to the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland if he is aware that forces of police were sent from Paulstown, Gowran, and Gores-bridge to assist at a grass-letting at 1103 Viewmount, County Kilkenny, on 22nd January; will he state by whose authority such action was taken; was a breach of the peace apprehended; if so, on what grounds; and, seeing that Kilkenny is one of the most peaceable and law-abiding counties in the United Kingdom, and with a view to prevent a breach of the peace and feelings of bitterness between the authorities and the people, will he see that conduct such as this will not be allowed in future.”[1]

Birrell replied: “A letting by auction of grazing lands at Viewmount was announced for 22nd January. The police authorities had reason to apprehend that the auction might be interfered with, and consequently four policemen were sent to the place for the preservation of the peace. It is the fact that the county of Kilkenny generally is in a most peaceful condition, but in this particular instance precautionary measures were called for. In reply to a further Question the right hon. Gentleman said the police would not have been sent to the auction had not threatening notices been posted.”[2]

To read more about Viewmount House click here.

To read House of Commons Debates 1803-2005 I click here.


[1] Millbank Systems, compilers. Hansard 1803-2005. House of Commons Debate 6 February 1908 vol 183 cc1102-3 http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1908/feb/06/viewmount-grass-letting#S4V0183P0_19080206_HOC_272 : accessed 9 December 2011.

[2]Ibid.

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The following names appear on passenger list for ships that sailed into the port of Boston from 1820 – 1943. It was only after the Immigration Act of 1891 that place of origin/ birth information started to appear on passenger lists, so many people from Paulstown could have sailed into Boston before the earliest name listed here.

Thomas Reeves[1]  – Arrived 29 April 1909 on S.S. Iverna from Queenstown, Cork, Ireland

Age: 24 / Male / Single / Occupation: Clerk / Can Read and Write / Nationality: British / Last Permanent Address: Paulstown, Ireland / Name and Complete Address of Nearest Relative: Richard Reeves Paulstown Co. Kilkenny / Final Destination: St. Pauls (Cannot decipher state) / By Whom Was Passage paid: Self / How Much Money In Possession Of: $10 / Whether Ever Before in the U.S: No / Name and Address of Friend or Relative Going to Stay With: Uncle Edward Moylan, 449 Laffan St, St. Pauls / Height: 5’6” / Complexion: Fair / Hair: Fair / Eyes: Grey / Place of Birth: Paulstown.

 

William Upton[2]  – Arrived 13 May 1909 on S.S. Saxonia from Queenstown, Cork, Ireland

Age: 22 / Male / Single / Occupation: Clerk / Can Read and Write / Nationality: British / Last Permanent Address: Bagenalstown / Name and Complete Address of Nearest Relative: Mrs. Upton Paulstown Bagenalstown / Final Destination: New York, NY / By Whom Was Passage paid: Self / How Much Money In Possession Of: $10 / Whether Ever Before in the U.S: No / Name and Address of Friend or Relative Going to Stay With: Friend Edward Butler, 520 East 82nd St, New York / Height: 5’7” / Complexion: Fair / Hair: Fair / Eyes: Green / Place of Birth: Paulstown, Ireland.

 

Bridget Brennan[3] – Arrived 26 October 1923 on S.S. Franconia from Cob, Cork, Ireland

Age: 56 / Female / Widow / Occupation: Wife / Can Read and Write / Nationality: British / Last Permanent Address: Sligo, Ireland / Name and Complete Address of Nearest Relative: Mother Mrs. Dowdall, Upper John St. Sligo / Final Destination: Elsmhurst, Long Island, NY / By Whom Was Passage paid: Self / How Much Money In Possession Of: $50 / Whether Ever Before in the U.S: No / Name and Address of Friend or Relative Going to Stay With: Son William Brennan 55 Boston St, Elmhurst Long Island / Height: 5’5” / Complexion: Fair / Hair: Auburn / Eyes: Blue / Place of Birth: Paulstown, Ireland.


[1] “Boston Passenger and Crew lists 1820-1943”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 November 2011), entry for Thomas Reeves; citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 1917-1943; Microfilm Serial: T938; Microfilm Roll: 133.

[2] “Boston Passenger and Crew lists 1820-1943”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 November 2011), entry for William Upton; citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 1820-1943; Microfilm Serial: T938; Microfilm Roll: 133.

[3] “Boston Passenger and Crew lists 1820-1943”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 November 2011), entry for Bridget Brennan; citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Boston, Massachusetts, 1917-1943; Microfilm Serial: T938; Microfilm Roll: 288.

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A recent article in the Irish Times highlighted one Kilkenny man’s quest to photograph all parochial houses in Ireland. The parochial house in Paulstown is included and can be viewed on this page. The house was the residence of the parish priest up to the late 1990s when it was purchased by the Barrett family. The parish priest now lives in a residence in Goresbridge village.

Currently, I am unaware of when the house was built. An aerial photo of the village, from the beginning of the 1900s, shows that it was built by this stage.[1] Likewise it appears on the OSI maps from the late 19th century and early 20th century.


[1] Paulstown Education and Historical Society (2007) Paulstown School Past and Present Paulstown, Kilkenny: Grange Silvia Publications. p.15

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After the Confederate rebellion in the 1640s vast tracks of lands were taken from the original landowners and given to adventurers and soldiers who had served under Oliver Cromwell. Published transcriptions from the Calendar of State Papers in relation to Ireland contain an interesting reference to what appears to be Henry Ireton, son-in-law of Oliver Cromwell, owning considerable amounts of land in Paulstown. [1]

Under the heading ‘Documents Relating to the Duke of York’s Claim in Ireland’, and dated 18 December 1667, a description is given of an address by the Commissioners of Settlement to the Lord Lieutenant (presumably of Ireland who was at the time was James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde) and Council. The address discusses how the Commissioners of Settlement were going about their business of settling new Protestant owners of the lands taken from their previous owners. It then outlines how they received a claim by a Doctor Robert Gorges, on behalf of the Duke of York (who at that time was James the II), that their work was unjust and illegal as the Duke was claiming many lands that were to be given to other people.

The following lands, amongst others in a number of counties, were claimed by Dr. Gorges on behalf of the Duke:

County – Kilkenny

Denominations and Acres – Shankill 1,702 acres, Jordanstown 224 acres, part of Garryduff 433 acres, part of Paulstown 355 acres

Former Owner – Henry Ireton


[1] Mahaffy, Robery Pentland (ed.). 1908. Calendar of the State Papers Relating to Ireland preserved in The Public Record 1666-1669. Office London: Mackie and Co.

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Included below is some genealogical information taken from two applications for U.S. passports where Paulstown is mentioned. The first is for John F. Martin whose father, Edward Martin, was born in Paulstown.[1] He applied on 9 May 1919. More documents were part of this application including an affidavit of identifying witness, a letter from the Knights of Columbus, an affidavit of birth and some letters from the War Department.

The second application came from Edward Vincent O’Rourke and was also made in 1919, on 3 October.[2] Edward’s father, William O’Rourke was born in Paulstown. This application also contained other documents. There was a letter from the Braden Copper company and an affidavit of birth where Anna O’Rourke is listed as Edward’s mother.

The italicized scrip shows where the applicant filled in information in his own handwriting. Text with a strikethrough was crossed out on the application.

John F. Martin

I John F. Martin a native and loyal citizen of the United States, hereby apply to the Dept. of State, at Washington, for a passport, accompanied by my wife.

I solemnly swear that I was born in De Pere in the state of Wisconsin, on or about the 15th day of March, 1868, that my father Edward Martin was born in Paulstown, Ireland and is now residing at dead, that he emigrated to the United States from the port of don’t know on or about 1848; that he resided 67 years uninterruptedly, in the United States from 1868 to 1915 at Utica NY for a few years and about 60 years at De Pere, Wn; that he was naturalized as a citizen of the United States before the Circuit Court at Brown County at Green Bay on Nov 4th 1856, as shown by the Certificate of Naturalization presented herewith; no certification on file only notation in record book

I am domiciled in the United States, my permanent residence being at Green Bay in the state of Wisconsin, where I follow the occupation of Lawyer; that I am about to go abroad temporarily; that I intend to return to the United States within 4 months with the purpose of residing and performing my duties of citizenship therein; and that I desire a passport for visiting the countries hereinafter names for the following purpose:

France                  Knights of Columbus War Relief Work

Great Britain      En Route

I intend to leave the United States from the port of New York, NY sailing aboard the unknown. My last passport was obtained from I never had a passport

 Description of Applicant

Age: 51 years / Stature: 5 feet 11 inches, Eng / Forehead: High / Eyes: Blue / Nose: Medium / Mouth: Ordinary / Chin: Ordinary / Hair: Brown / Complexion: Fair / Face: Ordinary / Distinguishing Marks: None

Edward Vincent O’Rourke

I Edward Vincent O’Rourke a native and loyal citizen of the United States, hereby apply to the Dept. of State, at Washington, for a passport.

I solemnly swear that I was born in Columbus in the state of Ohio, on or about the 5th day of September, 1895, that my father William O’Rourke was born in Paulstown, Co. Carlow, Ireland and is now residing at dead, that he emigrated to the United States from the port of Queenstown on or about 1882; that he resided 35 years uninterruptedly, in the United States from 1882 to 1917 at Columbus, Ohio; that he was naturalized as a citizen of the United States before the United States District Court at Ohio at Columbus on 1 – , as shown by the Certificate of Naturalization presented herewith

I am domiciled in the United States, my permanent residence being at Columbus in the state of Ohio, where I follow the occupation of Engineer; that I am about to go abroad temporarily; that I intend to return to the United States within 3 years with the purpose of residing and performing my duties of citizenship therein; and that I desire a passport for visiting the countries hereinafter names for the following purpose:

Chile So. America                             Mining Engineering

I intend to leave the United States from the port of New York sailing aboard the -.

Description of Applicant

Age: 24 years / Stature: 5 feet 9.5 inches, Eng / Forehead: Low / Eyes: Hazel / Nose: Large / Mouth: Medium / Chin: Round/ Hair: Dark Brown / Compexion: Dark / Face: Round / Distinguishing Marks: Mole on left jaw


[1] “U.S. Passport Applications 1795-1925”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 August 2011), entry for John Martin, 12 May 1919; citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington D.C.; Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 – March 31, 1925; ARC Identifier 583830 / MLR Number A1 534; NARA Series: M1490; Roll #768, application # 80591.

[2] “U.S. Passport Applications 1795-1925”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 30 August 2011), entry for Edward O’Rourke, 7 October 1919; citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington D.C.; Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 – March 31, 1925; ARC Identifier 583830 / MLR Number A1 534; NARA Series: M1490; Roll #768, application # 125556.

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Paulstown is just a little over a mile from the Kilkenny/Carlow border. As a result many people’s business, social and personal lives are orientated towards Carlow. A sporting example is found in the history section of the Carlow GAA (Gaelic Athletic Association) website.

In 1931 the Carlow county hurling final, between Bagenalstown and St. Mullins, was played in Paulstown. Paulstown had also played in the Carlow county hurling championship in the preceding years.

You can read more about it here.

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