Archive for the ‘18th Century’ Category

A report in the ‘news from Ireland’ section of the Kentucky Irish American newspaper outlines that a man named John Malay [sic, possibly Millea], living in Paulstown, celebrated his 102nd birthday in September 1898.[1] He worked as a labo(u)rer and the article states that, “the centenarian was engaged last week at Paulstown where his dexterity in handling the sickle won the admiration of all.”

During his life he was married three times and the article further adds that he had a vivid recollection of The Famine and the tithe wars in Carrickshock, Kilkenny.

[1] Author Unknown, Ireland in Kentucky Irish American, 17 September 1898, p.4; Chronicling America, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov  :  accessed 10 July 2012

Read Full Post »

The Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead in Ireland has one of the best names of any historical organization that is consulted for Irish genealogical research. It was in existence from 1888-1934 and published a journal in each year.  The entry below comes from Volume II, covering the years 1892-1894.[1]

The history of the Protestant Church, as written in 1816, is outlined along with a list of rectors from the 17th – 19th centuries.

[1] Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead in Ireland. 1895. Journal of the Association for the Preservation of the Memorials of the Dead in Ireland. Volume II, 1892-1895. Dublin: Peter Roe.

Read Full Post »

Photo’s of people born in the 19th century are more common in the U.S. than Ireland and other countries. The genealogy photo archive at www.deadfred.com has an image of James Loughlin, with the contributor of the photo outlining that he was born in 1818.

The image can be clicked to enlarge.

Read Full Post »

I have previously written an article about Michael Byrne, who was a passenger on the Lusitania when it sank in 1915. After surviving the attack he made his way to Paulstown to stay with relations. You can read the full article here.

More specific genealogical information about Michael Byrne can be found on a website that has transcribed records from the Registration of Americans Citizens forms that were filed at the United States Consulates in Ireland.[1]

The entry states that he was born on 15 May 1868 in the Carrick-on-Suir area of Co. Tipperary. He married Herminie Rushman who was born at Numberg (Nuremberg?), Germany. The reason for his trip on the Lusitania was ‘commerical business’.

[1] Unknown, Sheila, compiler. Irish Gleanings to Connect People to Townlands in Ireland; Registration of Americans Citizens forms that were filed at the United States Consulates in Ireland                                                                                            http://sites.google.com/site/irishgleanings/home/american-registration-documents : accessed 28 December 2011

Read Full Post »

Kellymount, the townland which makes up one third of the village of Paulstown, is named after Joseph Keally/Kelly (1673-1713). Previous to this it was known as Ballimcloghlin[1], Baile Mhic Lachna in Irish[2]. The earliest instance of a name for the area comes from the Calendar of Deeds of the 1220s with Balimaclacth given.[3]

Joseph Keally, was a descendant of Maurice O’Kelly, who had fled from county Offaly after the massacre of Irish chieftains at Mullaghmast about 1578.[4] O’Kelly settled in the Gowran area and over the following decades the family name changed to Keally. Joseph Keally was born in 1673 to John Keally and Elizabeth Cuffe, daughter of Captain Joseph Cuffe of Castle Inch, Kilkenny.[5] Keally married Elizabeth Monke in 1707.[6]

[1] Like most Irish place names before standardization there are many spellings. This version comes from ‘Pender’s Census’ of 1659

[2] ‘Placenames Database of Ireland’, database, logainm.ie http://logainm.ie/Viewer.aspx?text=kellymount&streets=no : accessed 4 November 2011, entry for Kellymount

[3] Ibid.

[4] Lynch, Kathleen. 1938. Congreve’s Irish Friend Joseph Keally in Publications of the Modern Language Association of America (PMLA). Vol 53, No, 4, p. 1077

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid., p.1081

Read Full Post »

Paulstown is located where the road from Dublin diverges into two roads, one going to Waterford (the N9) and one going to Kilkenny (now called the R712, was the N10 before the opening of the M9 motorway). The original core of the village was formed at a crossroads that goes to Goresbridge, about 150 meters from where the road from Dublin diverges for Waterford. It is probably fair to say that buildings and then a village came about as a resting place, nodal point or trading post in the road network from centuries past.

Previous to having the name Paulstown (and it’s many various spellings), the area was known as Typerwoldric (again, various spellings are given). The name Typerwoldric probably comes from the Irish ‘Tobar Urlaic’ which translates as ‘the well of retching’ and was believed to be a cure for an upset stomach.[1][2] Paulstown gets its name from Paul Butler who was given a grant of the manor of lands of the area in 1325.

It has also been known as Whitehall for a period of time in the 19th and 20th centuries. At this point I have been unable to clearly identify when Whitehall began to be used and when, officially, it reverted back to the Paulstown name.

Circa 1220                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The earliest reference to the Paulstown area comes from a manuscript in the National Library of Ireland. It has the title “Grant by John de Claulla (Clahulle) to Richard Butelar of Typerwoldrich (now Paulstown, parish of Kilmacahil, Co. Kilkenny), (c. 1220?)”.[3]

1235                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Calendar of Ormonde Deeds outlines how a grant of land was given to Adam Walensis in 1235. One of the witnesses to this land grant is Milo de Typerwoldric.[4]

1305                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A third reference to this name comes from the early 14th century in another National Library of Ireland manuscript, Quit-claim by Gilbert le Forester to John le Botiller of Typeroldryk (now Paulstown), c. 1305.[5]

1325                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Paul Butler received the manor and lands of Tyberwikick.[6]

1550                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The first reference to a name that resembles Paulstown comes in the year 1550 in The Irish Fiants of the Tudor Sovereigns: during the Reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Philip & Mary, and Elizabeth I. [7] Entry 497 mentions “ the rectory of Kylmakayle, which extends to the towns of Kylmakayle……Wylter, Polston, Ballysherdare…..”

 1571                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The next earliest mention of Paulstown in The Fiants comes in entry 1926.[8] It reads: “Pardon to Edmund Butler, of Pauliston, co. Kilkenny, gent. Fine £3. -28 December, xiv”.  Entry 1927 reads: “Pardon to Peter or Piers Butler of Pauliston, co. Kilkenny, gent. Fine £3. -28 December, xiv”. There are a number of further entries up to 1603 with these spellings.

1574                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Poliston is mentioned in the Calendar of Deeds 1547-1584[9]

1605                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Polestown is also in the Calendar of Deeds 1547-1584[10]

1624                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pawlestowne is in the Inquisition XLIV of Walter Butler[11]

1650s                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The 1641 depositions mentions Paulstowne

1837                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Whitehall is mentioned for the first time in Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary of Ireland [12]

1842                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In his 1884 publication Bassett outlines that the name of Paulstown was changed to Whitehall in the year 1842. However, this was written over 45 years after Whitehall’s first mention in Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary of Ireland.[13]

[1] Dunleavy, John J. 2007. A Short History of Paulstown. John J. Dunleavy, p.6

[2] Translations of words taken from http://www.focal.ie

[3] Sources Database. National Library of Ireland. (http://sources.nli.ie/Record/MS_UR_016712/Details#tabnav : accessed 20 June 2011), entries for Paulstown, citing manuscript D. 66

[4] Curtis, Edmund. 1932. Calendar of Ormond Deeds Volume 1. Dublin: Stationary Office, p.40

[5] Sources Database. National Library of Ireland. ( http://sources.nli.ie/Record/MS_UR_016589 accessed 20 June 2011), entries for Paulstown, citing manuscript D. 470

[6] Flood, Mary. 2007. Introduction Paulstown A brief Overview in: Paulstown Education and Historical Society (eds.) Paulstown Schools Past and Present. Kilkenny: Grange Silvia Publications. p.14 quoting National Library of Ireland MS 1095

[7] De Búrca, Éamonn, ed. 1994. The Irish Fiants of the Tudor Sovereigns: during the Reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Philip & Mary, and Elizabeth I. Dublin: Éamonn De Búrca for Edmund Burke. p.140

[8] Ibid. volume 2 p.

[9] Curtis, Edmund and Fitz-Patrick Berry, Henry. 1941. Calendar of Ormond Deeds 1547-1584. Dublin: Stationary Office

[10] Ibid.

[11] Healy, William. 1893. History and Antiquities of Kilkenny city and county… Volume 1. Kilkenny: P.M. Egan. 1893. p.450

[12] Lewis, Samuel. 1837.  A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. London: S.Lewis. p.715

[13] Bassett, George Henry. 1884. Kilkenny City and County Guide and Directory. Dublin: Sealy, Byers and Co. 1884. p.317.

Read Full Post »

Cardinal Paul Cullen is one of the giants of Irish Catholic Church history. He was the first Irishman to be made a Cardinal and created the concept of papal infallibility. Cardinal Cullen was born in Prospect, Kildare most likely on 29 April 1803[1] and has a link to Paulstown through one of his grandparents.

Cardinal Cullen’s mother was a woman by the name of Mary Maher.[2] While the Maher name has been evident in records concerning Paulstown for hundreds of years this is not where the link is. Mary Maher’s parents were Patrick Maher and Catherine Moore.[3] Catherine Moore, Cardinal Cullen’s maternal grandmother, was born in Paulstown.[4]

She has been described as “full of the ardour of true piety, and of that devotional zeal for which the faithful of Kilkenny have been at all times so remarkable”.[5] As well as this it seems that Catherine Moore Maher was not easily scared or intimidated.

A story is told by Patrick Francis Moran, bishop of Ossory in the 1870s, where her son-in-law, Hugh Cullen (father of Cardinal Cullen) was made a prisoner and charged with aiding the 1798 rebels. Cullen was being transported and was denied the opportunity to have food or water. Catherine Moore Maher, ignoring the armed guards escorting Cullen, got up on the chaise he was being transported in, handed him a bottle of wine and said “cheer up my son, God will soon send you back victorious to us”.[6]

It is always worth noting that Moore’s birth information is taken from a secondary historical source which, unfortunately, does not reference any Church or civil record. As any good genealogist knows, primary sources are always preferable.

[1] Three different dates of birth are given in various publications. See p.208 of O’Carroll’s 2008 publication Paul Cardinal Cullen for more details.

[2] MacSuibhne, Peadar. 1955. The Early Cullen Family in Reportorium Novum: Dublin Diocesan Historical Record. Vol 1. No. 2 p. 192.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Moran, Patrick Francis. 1877. The Letters of Rev. James Maher, D.D., Dublin: Browne and Nolan p.iii

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid. p.iii-iv

Read Full Post »

Charles Topham Bowden embarked on a tour through Ireland in 1791 and like so many of his contemporaries he visited the county of Kilkenny. One small paragraph is devoted to a stop he made while travelling from Carlow to Gowran and on to Kilkenny. The passage reads[1]:

A gibbet was a gallow that an executed criminal was displayed from to deter further criminal activity. You can read more on caves in Kellymount and the Kellymount gang.

[1] Topham Bowden, Charles. 1791. A tour through Ireland. Dublin: W.Corbett

Read Full Post »

Many areas of the world have historical stories about gangs of bandits and robbers. Depending on the evidence consulted, they can be ruthless killers or Robin Hood type folk heroes. Ireland is no different and there are many examples of Tories[1], highway men and rapparees[2]. One of the most well known bands of outlaws was the Kellymount gang. This group of men committed many robberies in the late 1730s before being captures in 1740.

In the fifth volume of his tome on Irish history, Ireland and Her People, Thomas W.H. Fitzgerald refers to the year 1740 as the year of the “Kellymount gang outrages”.[3] The leader of the gang was a man by the name of Brenan. This name is synonymous with the north Kilkenny area.[4] An unflattering account is given of him in Reilly’s Dublin Newsletter of 1740: “Brenan is said to be a man of very mean appearance, has a freehold of nine pounds per year, near the coal pits, but, renting one of the coal pits, and not succeeding, he started this gang”.[5] From 1738-1740 the gang was said to number about thirty men[6] and roamed areas of counties Kilkenny, Laois, Offaly and as far west as Galway[7].

A more sympathetic view of the gang is given in a 1902 anti-establishment publication: “Their head-quarters seem to have been Coolcullen Wood, about seven miles from Kilkenny……..They were so formidable that a strong military force had to be sent against them. This gang committed no murders, disdained to take anything but money, horses, and sheep; sometimes divided their plunder with the starving people; and had in the outset pledged their honour not to rob any of the gentlemen of the County Kilkenny.”[8]

While the gang members seem to have come from many areas of north Kilkenny, their association with Kellymount most likely comes from them frequenting the area. Just eight years after the demise of the gang a travel writer wrote about visiting an inn in Kellymount that the gang used to regularly frequent.[9] Later in the century, a traveler in Ireland reported in 1791 that he was shown a cave in Kellymount that the gang used as a meeting place.[10]

Eventually, Brenan, and other gang members were captured in Galway and this led to their demise. He was taken to a jail at Nenagh, Tipperary and then onto another jail at Clonmel, Tipperary. Here, in September 1740, he died of the wounds that he sustained during his capture.[11] Darcy, another gang member, was tried in Carlow and hanged with his head fixed on the courthouse.[12]

[1] From the Irish word tóraidhe. Generally meaning a man who is pursued, it was given to soldiers who fought for the Confederacy against Cromwell’s forces and then became outlaws and highwaymen.

[2] From the Irish word ropairí. They were originally Irishmen who fought in the Williamite Wars in the 1690s and were known for fighting with pikes. Subsequently, the term was used for highwaymen

[3] Fitzgerald, Thomas W.H. 1909. Ireland and her people; a library of Irish biography, together with a popular history of ancient and modern Erin, to which is added an appendix of copious notes and useful tables; supplemented with a dictionary of proper names in Irish mythology, geography, genealogy, etc. Volume 5. Chicago: Fitzgerald Book Company. p.786.

[4] MacLysaght, Edward. 1985. The Surnames of Ireland. Dublin: Irish Academic Press.

[5] Madden, Richard Robert. 1867. The History of Irish Periodical Literature form the end of the 17th Century to the middle of the 19th Century. London: T.C. Newby. p.277

[6] Connolly, Sean. 2008. Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630-1800. Oxford: OUP. p.321.

[7] O’Rourke, John. 1902 (3rd ed, republished in 2008). The History of the Great Famine of 1847. Middlesex: The Echo Library, p.29

[8] Ibid.

[9] Chetwood, W. R., 1748. A Tour through Ireland in Several Entertaining Letters: Wherein the Present State of That Kingdom Is Consider’d … Interspersed with Observations on the Manners, Customs, Antiquities, Curiosities, and Natural History of That Country … London: Printed for J. Roberts

[10] Topham Bowden, Charles. 1791. A tour through Ireland. Dublin: W.Corbett

[11] Madden, Richard Robert. 1867. The History of Irish Periodical Literature from the end of the 17th Century to the middle of the 19th Century. London: T.C. Newby, p.279.

[12] Ibid., p.280

Read Full Post »

There are a number of articles in various local Australian newspapers about the life of Thomas O’Rourke. He was born in Paulstown on 8 September 1844[1] and emigrated to Australia with his mother, father and sister about December 1867.[2] His three brothers had emigrated before the rest of the family. He lived until he was 95 years of age and died on 24 August 1940.[3]

Some of the articles refer to his life before he moved to Australia. He talked about how he worked as a farm labourer in Paulstown and that the wage of the time was 4d (pence). The landowner that he worked for used to feed his workers and they were given “stir about” to eat.[4] This was a dish of coarse meal that was well boiled and eaten with milk. They were given this three times a day and got potatoes now and then. O’Rourke only ate meat once in his life before moving to Australia, stating that “I only tasted meat on one occasion and that was when my father and I were in Paulstown one day – we had a chop between us”. [5]

O’Rourke even had links to people in Paulstown who were born in the late 1700s. He outlined in one interview that when he was a boy an 80 year old man used to visit their house and tell them “tales of the early days”.[6]

[1] Author Unknown, Mr. T O’Rourke Celebrates 94th Birthday in The Longreach Leader, 10 September 1938, p.19; digital image, National Library of Australia, http://trove.nla.gov.au : accessed 1 April 2011

[2] Author Unknown, A Race for Life in The Longreach Leader, 1 December 1937, p.16; digital image, National Library of Australia, http://trove.nla.gov.au : accessed 1 April 2011

[3] Author Unknown, Death of Mr. T O’Rourke at Longreach in Rockhampton Morning Bulletin, 26 August 1940, p.8; digital image, National Library of Australia, http://trove.nla.gov.au : accessed 1 April 2011

[4] Ibid.

[5] Author Unknown, Mr. Thomas O’Rourke Celebrated 95th Birthday in Rockhampton Morning Bulletin, 13 September 1939, p.9; digital image, National Library of Australia, http://trove.nla.gov.au : accessed 1 April 2011

[6] Author Unknown, Mr. T O’Rourke Celebrates 94th Birthday in The Longreach Leader, 10 September 1938, p.19; digital image, National Library of Australia, http://trove.nla.gov.au : accessed 1 April 2011

Read Full Post »

Older Posts »


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

%d bloggers like this: