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Archive for September, 2011

One of the main ways that family and friends tried to find people who emigrated to the US or Australia was through ‘Information Wanted’ adverts in different newspapers. Word of mouth was the key with some reunited and others never to be found. Below is a selection of these adverts where Paulstown is mentioned. Some of the people placing adverts wrote that Paulstown was in county Carlow. Varying amounts of information are provided and all entries without a footnote are from the Boston Pilot newspaper.[1]

John Cooke – 1836                                                                                                                                                                                                               Of John Cooke, a native of Shanakil, county Kilkenny, Ireland. When last heard from he was in Boston, his father is now in New York, and is anxious to hear from him. Any information respecting him will be thankfully received, addresses to Lawrence Langton, No 232 Mulberry street, New York.[2]

Michael Dooley – 1850                                                                                                                                                                                                   From the townland of Paulstown, first location after arrival was Fall Springs, Massachusetts. John Dooley, his brother seeks information and can be reached at Michael Hughes, 47 Rensse (St?), Albany, NY. Date of advertisement 21 September 1850

Martin Stanton – 1851                                                                                                                                                                                                 From the towland of Paulstown, Co. Kilkenny, first location after arrival was ONT (Ontario?) in 1848. Last heard from in UCN in 1848. Information sought by Patrick Cane, a cousin, and can be reached at 85 So. 2nd St, New Bedford, MA. Date of advertisement 13 December 1851.

Garrett Healey – 1855                                                                                                                                                                                                 From the townland of Paulstown, Co. Carlow. Information sought by Pierce Healey, a brother. Can be reached at 2 Pleasant St. Court, Boston, MA. Date of advertisement 10 February 1855.

Catherine Doyle – 1856                                                                                                                                                                                                From the townland of Paulstown or Garryduff, intended destination was New York City, arrived at Halifax, Nova Scotia. Sailed on the Winchester, leaving Liverpool in January 1853. Margaret Doyle, her sister, seeks information and can be reached at Patrick O’Carroll, South Trenton, New Jersey. Date of advertisement 15 November 1856.

James Mahon – 1861                                                                                                                                                                                                    From the townland of Grange Lower near Paulstown, barony of Gowran, poor law of Kilkenny, county Kilkenny. Aged 24 and first location after arrival was Ohio. John Nowlan, a friend, seeks information and can be reached at S.Brookfield, MA. Date of advertisement 26 October 1861.


[1] “Information Wanted: A Database of Advertisements for Irish Immigrants Published in the Boston Pilot”, database, Bostoncollege.edu (http://infowanted.bc.edu: accessed 24 May 2011), entries for Paulstown location

[2] Murphy DeGrazia, Laura and Fitzpatrick Haberstroth, Diane. 2005. Voices of The Irish Immigrant: Information Wanted Ads in The Truth Teller New York City 1825-1844.New York: The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, p.81.

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Included below is some genealogical information taken from two applications for U.S. passports where Paulstown is mentioned. The first is for John F. Martin whose father, Edward Martin, was born in Paulstown.[1] He applied on 9 May 1919. More documents were part of this application including an affidavit of identifying witness, a letter from the Knights of Columbus, an affidavit of birth and some letters from the War Department.

The second application came from Edward Vincent O’Rourke and was also made in 1919, on 3 October.[2] Edward’s father, William O’Rourke was born in Paulstown. This application also contained other documents. There was a letter from the Braden Copper company and an affidavit of birth where Anna O’Rourke is listed as Edward’s mother.

The italicized scrip shows where the applicant filled in information in his own handwriting. Text with a strikethrough was crossed out on the application.

John F. Martin

I John F. Martin a native and loyal citizen of the United States, hereby apply to the Dept. of State, at Washington, for a passport, accompanied by my wife.

I solemnly swear that I was born in De Pere in the state of Wisconsin, on or about the 15th day of March, 1868, that my father Edward Martin was born in Paulstown, Ireland and is now residing at dead, that he emigrated to the United States from the port of don’t know on or about 1848; that he resided 67 years uninterruptedly, in the United States from 1868 to 1915 at Utica NY for a few years and about 60 years at De Pere, Wn; that he was naturalized as a citizen of the United States before the Circuit Court at Brown County at Green Bay on Nov 4th 1856, as shown by the Certificate of Naturalization presented herewith; no certification on file only notation in record book

I am domiciled in the United States, my permanent residence being at Green Bay in the state of Wisconsin, where I follow the occupation of Lawyer; that I am about to go abroad temporarily; that I intend to return to the United States within 4 months with the purpose of residing and performing my duties of citizenship therein; and that I desire a passport for visiting the countries hereinafter names for the following purpose:

France                  Knights of Columbus War Relief Work

Great Britain      En Route

I intend to leave the United States from the port of New York, NY sailing aboard the unknown. My last passport was obtained from I never had a passport

 Description of Applicant

Age: 51 years / Stature: 5 feet 11 inches, Eng / Forehead: High / Eyes: Blue / Nose: Medium / Mouth: Ordinary / Chin: Ordinary / Hair: Brown / Complexion: Fair / Face: Ordinary / Distinguishing Marks: None

Edward Vincent O’Rourke

I Edward Vincent O’Rourke a native and loyal citizen of the United States, hereby apply to the Dept. of State, at Washington, for a passport.

I solemnly swear that I was born in Columbus in the state of Ohio, on or about the 5th day of September, 1895, that my father William O’Rourke was born in Paulstown, Co. Carlow, Ireland and is now residing at dead, that he emigrated to the United States from the port of Queenstown on or about 1882; that he resided 35 years uninterruptedly, in the United States from 1882 to 1917 at Columbus, Ohio; that he was naturalized as a citizen of the United States before the United States District Court at Ohio at Columbus on 1 – , as shown by the Certificate of Naturalization presented herewith

I am domiciled in the United States, my permanent residence being at Columbus in the state of Ohio, where I follow the occupation of Engineer; that I am about to go abroad temporarily; that I intend to return to the United States within 3 years with the purpose of residing and performing my duties of citizenship therein; and that I desire a passport for visiting the countries hereinafter names for the following purpose:

Chile So. America                             Mining Engineering

I intend to leave the United States from the port of New York sailing aboard the -.

Description of Applicant

Age: 24 years / Stature: 5 feet 9.5 inches, Eng / Forehead: Low / Eyes: Hazel / Nose: Large / Mouth: Medium / Chin: Round/ Hair: Dark Brown / Compexion: Dark / Face: Round / Distinguishing Marks: Mole on left jaw


[1] “U.S. Passport Applications 1795-1925”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 29 August 2011), entry for John Martin, 12 May 1919; citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington D.C.; Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 – March 31, 1925; ARC Identifier 583830 / MLR Number A1 534; NARA Series: M1490; Roll #768, application # 80591.

[2] “U.S. Passport Applications 1795-1925”, database, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 30 August 2011), entry for Edward O’Rourke, 7 October 1919; citing National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Washington D.C.; Passport Applications, January 2, 1906 – March 31, 1925; ARC Identifier 583830 / MLR Number A1 534; NARA Series: M1490; Roll #768, application # 125556.

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Paulstown is just a little over a mile from the Kilkenny/Carlow border. As a result many people’s business, social and personal lives are orientated towards Carlow. A sporting example is found in the history section of the Carlow GAA (Gaelic Athletic Association) website.

In 1931 the Carlow county hurling final, between Bagenalstown and St. Mullins, was played in Paulstown. Paulstown had also played in the Carlow county hurling championship in the preceding years.

You can read more about it here.

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Paulstown is located where the road from Dublin diverges into two roads, one going to Waterford (the N9) and one going to Kilkenny (now called the R712, was the N10 before the opening of the M9 motorway). The original core of the village was formed at a crossroads that goes to Goresbridge, about 150 meters from where the road from Dublin diverges for Waterford. It is probably fair to say that buildings and then a village came about as a resting place, nodal point or trading post in the road network from centuries past.

Previous to having the name Paulstown (and it’s many various spellings), the area was known as Typerwoldric (again, various spellings are given). The name Typerwoldric probably comes from the Irish ‘Tobar Urlaic’ which translates as ‘the well of retching’ and was believed to be a cure for an upset stomach.[1][2] Paulstown gets its name from Paul Butler who was given a grant of the manor of lands of the area in 1325.

It has also been known as Whitehall for a period of time in the 19th and 20th centuries. At this point I have been unable to clearly identify when Whitehall began to be used and when, officially, it reverted back to the Paulstown name.

Circa 1220                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The earliest reference to the Paulstown area comes from a manuscript in the National Library of Ireland. It has the title “Grant by John de Claulla (Clahulle) to Richard Butelar of Typerwoldrich (now Paulstown, parish of Kilmacahil, Co. Kilkenny), (c. 1220?)”.[3]

1235                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The Calendar of Ormonde Deeds outlines how a grant of land was given to Adam Walensis in 1235. One of the witnesses to this land grant is Milo de Typerwoldric.[4]

1305                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A third reference to this name comes from the early 14th century in another National Library of Ireland manuscript, Quit-claim by Gilbert le Forester to John le Botiller of Typeroldryk (now Paulstown), c. 1305.[5]

1325                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Paul Butler received the manor and lands of Tyberwikick.[6]

1550                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The first reference to a name that resembles Paulstown comes in the year 1550 in The Irish Fiants of the Tudor Sovereigns: during the Reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Philip & Mary, and Elizabeth I. [7] Entry 497 mentions “ the rectory of Kylmakayle, which extends to the towns of Kylmakayle……Wylter, Polston, Ballysherdare…..”

 1571                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       The next earliest mention of Paulstown in The Fiants comes in entry 1926.[8] It reads: “Pardon to Edmund Butler, of Pauliston, co. Kilkenny, gent. Fine £3. -28 December, xiv”.  Entry 1927 reads: “Pardon to Peter or Piers Butler of Pauliston, co. Kilkenny, gent. Fine £3. -28 December, xiv”. There are a number of further entries up to 1603 with these spellings.

1574                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Poliston is mentioned in the Calendar of Deeds 1547-1584[9]

1605                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Polestown is also in the Calendar of Deeds 1547-1584[10]

1624                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pawlestowne is in the Inquisition XLIV of Walter Butler[11]

1650s                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The 1641 depositions mentions Paulstowne

1837                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Whitehall is mentioned for the first time in Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary of Ireland [12]

1842                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In his 1884 publication Bassett outlines that the name of Paulstown was changed to Whitehall in the year 1842. However, this was written over 45 years after Whitehall’s first mention in Lewis’ Topographical Dictionary of Ireland.[13]


[1] Dunleavy, John J. 2007. A Short History of Paulstown. John J. Dunleavy, p.6

[2] Translations of words taken from http://www.focal.ie

[3] Sources Database. National Library of Ireland. (http://sources.nli.ie/Record/MS_UR_016712/Details#tabnav : accessed 20 June 2011), entries for Paulstown, citing manuscript D. 66

[4] Curtis, Edmund. 1932. Calendar of Ormond Deeds Volume 1. Dublin: Stationary Office, p.40

[5] Sources Database. National Library of Ireland. ( http://sources.nli.ie/Record/MS_UR_016589 accessed 20 June 2011), entries for Paulstown, citing manuscript D. 470

[6] Flood, Mary. 2007. Introduction Paulstown A brief Overview in: Paulstown Education and Historical Society (eds.) Paulstown Schools Past and Present. Kilkenny: Grange Silvia Publications. p.14 quoting National Library of Ireland MS 1095

[7] De Búrca, Éamonn, ed. 1994. The Irish Fiants of the Tudor Sovereigns: during the Reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Philip & Mary, and Elizabeth I. Dublin: Éamonn De Búrca for Edmund Burke. p.140

[8] Ibid. volume 2 p.

[9] Curtis, Edmund and Fitz-Patrick Berry, Henry. 1941. Calendar of Ormond Deeds 1547-1584. Dublin: Stationary Office

[10] Ibid.

[11] Healy, William. 1893. History and Antiquities of Kilkenny city and county… Volume 1. Kilkenny: P.M. Egan. 1893. p.450

[12] Lewis, Samuel. 1837.  A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland. London: S.Lewis. p.715

[13] Bassett, George Henry. 1884. Kilkenny City and County Guide and Directory. Dublin: Sealy, Byers and Co. 1884. p.317.

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